Le recours à des tribunaux militaires pour juger les terroristes !

Cette solution a choqué les constitutionalistes américains. Voyez-ici la réaction du Président Bush




 November 20, 2001


           THE PRESIDENT Bush Offers Public Defense of Military Tribunals Order.


                   By ELISABETH BUMILLER


WASHINGTON, Nov. 19 — President Bush today vigorously defended his order creating special military    tribunals to try foreigners charged with terrorism, saying he needed the option "should we ever bring one of these Al Qaeda members in alive."


                   Mr. Bush said the times demanded unusual measures.


                   "The option to use a military tribunal in the time of war makes a lot of sense," he said, adding that the nation was fighting "against the most evil kinds of people, and I need to have that extraordinary option at my fingertips."


                   The president's remarks, made at the end of a cabinet meeting, were his first public statement on the order, which he signed quietly on his way out of Washington last Tuesday. Since then, the plan has been criticized by some civil liberties advocates, who say that it undermines basic rights and the core of the American criminal justice system.


                   "To the critics," Mr. Bush said, "I say I made the absolute right decision."


                   On his first full day back at the White House since meeting with President Vladimir V. Putin of Russia at the Bush ranch in Crawford, Tex., the president also signed into law an airport security bill, pardoned a Thanksgiving turkey in the Rose Garden and marked the end of the daily Ramadan fast with a dinner with Muslim leaders at the White House.


                   Mr. Bush signed the airport security bill in a symbolic setting, Ronald Reagan National Airport, which because of its proximity to the White House and other national monuments stayed closed longer than any other airport after the Sept. 11 attacks. The bill, a compromise worked out by the

                   House and Senate last week that represented substantial concessions by the White House, gives  the federal government one year to hire 28,000 airport screeners, replacing often ill-trained and  underpaid employees of private companies.


                   The bill also calls for the inspection of all checked baggage, an increase in the number of sky  marshals and the reinforcement of cockpit doors. Although most of the measures will not be in place during the holiday travel season this year, administration officials said they wanted the president's signature on a bill before the holidays as an important signal to Americans.


                   "The broad support for this bill shows that our country is united in this crisis," Mr. Bush said. "We have our political differences, but we're united to defend our country."


                   Later in the day, Secretary of State Colin L. Powell spoke to a group of 150 American and Muslim leaders about the inclusion of women in any future coalition Afghan government.


                   "The rights of the women of Afghanistan will not be negotiable," Mr. Powell told a group in the Eisenhower Executive Office Building that included members of Congress, leaders of women's advocacy groups and Christie Whitman, the Environmental Protection Agency administrator.


                   The United States, Mr. Powell added, "is committed to working to ensure not only that the women of Afghanistan regain their place in the sun, but they have a place in their future government, as well."


                   Mr. Powell's remarks were part of a continuing campaign by the White House to publicize the brutality suffered by Afghan women under the Taliban, and to insist that women have a role in the future of the country. Mr. Powell's remarks were met with strong applause.


                   "This could have been Hillary Clinton or Madeleine Albright talking," said one American woman who attended the Powell speech but who spoke on condition of anonymity. Senator Clinton and  former Secretary of State Albright have tried to make women's rights an important issue in American foreign policy.


                   In the evening, Mr. Bush presided over a dinner for Muslim leaders that included Prince Bandar bin Sultan, the Saudi ambassador to Washington. Guests ate pomegranate- glazed rack of lamb and biriyani rice with roasted garlic sauce.


                   Earlier, in the Rose Garden, turkeys were in the spotlight. Mr. Bush said he was in fact allowing not one but two of the birds — the one in the Rose Garden and an alternate — to live out their days at a petting zoo. The alternate was not present for the pardon ceremony, Mr. Bush said in a  sly reference to Vice President Dick Cheney, "because he's in a secure and undisclosed location."